In the early days of the industrial revolution, biofuels began to be widely used. But in the 1860s, there was a shift from biofuels to petroleum such as gasoline and kerosene. Initially, for oil lamps, it gradually became automotive fuel. Shifts began in Europe, then quickly occurred in America and other continents. Even so, the use of biofuels is not really abandoned. It is still used as an additional ingredient in gasoline in order to improve octane. In the meantime, you can check out the book written by Daniel Ballerini to learn more about biofuel.
In 1826, Samuel Morey was the first person to find a piston engine that uses alcohol. In 1860, Nikolaus August Otto of Germany developed the use of ethanol on the Otto engine or the Otto cycle.
Until the mid-19th century, it was used as energy for lighting and cooking fuel until the discovery of petroleum and other forms of energy such as gas and electricity.
Around the beginning of the 20th century, biofuels were used for internal combustion engines, when the problem of depletion of petroleum reserves began to become a serious concern. During the Arab oil embargo in 1970, biofuels were used by developed countries for combustion engines.
The beginning of the 21st century, global concerns about climate change, biodiversity and human survival frame the broader context of the research and policy debate about biofuels.
Brazil and the Philippines use sugar cane to be processed into alcohol in anticipation of the high cost of importing oil. In 1937, ethanol accounted for 7 percent of Brazil’s total fuel consumption.
Besides sugar cane, palm oil and corn are also often used as raw material for biofuels. Palm as a biofuel material is popular in south-east Asia, while biofuel from corn is widely produced in the United States. At present, about 40 percent of corn production in America is used for ethanol production. Besides America, other countries that produce biofuels from corn are China and Canada.